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What is Traction Splint


Wanrooemed traction splintmost commonly refers to a splinting device that uses straps attaching over the pelvis or hip as an anchor, a metal rod(s) to mimic normal bone stability and limb length, and a mechanical device to apply traction (used in an attempt to reduce pain, realign the limb, and minimize vascular and neurological complication) to the limb.

The use of traction splintsto treat complete long bone fractures of the femur is common in prehospital care. Evidence to support their usage, however, is poor.

A dynamic traction splint has also been developed for intra-articular fractures of the phalanges of the hand.

Medical uses

Traction splints are most commonly used for fractures of the femur (or upper leg bone). For these fractures they may reduce pain and decrease the amount of bleeding which occurs into the soft tissues of the leg.

Some state that they are appropriate for middle tibia fractures which are displaced or bent.Others state they should not be used for lower leg fractures. Often a pillow splint or rigid splint is best in this situation.All agree that traction splints should only be applied when there are no fractures of the pelvis or knee and the fracture has not broken through the skin with bone visible.

Use of a traction splint while other fractures in the leg exist will cause the weaker fracture site to pull apart and not the targeted femur fracture.

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